Dr. Cam Crawford BSc (Hons), DDS
Dr. Joel Davis BSc, DDS FRCD(C)

Maple Leaf Dentistry
What are the signs and symptoms of Gingivitis?

What are the signs and symptoms of Gingivitis?

The majority of people has heard the term “gingivitis” and knows that it has something to do with their teeth. Anyone who has visited a dentist has more than likely been warned about how serious this condition is. Gingivitis refers to an inflammation of the gums. This is caused by the accumulation of bacterial plaque on the teeth, which leads to puffy and painful red gums that bleed when you brush your teeth. Some of the other symptoms of gingivitis along with the bleeding, puffy, red gums include a bad taste in your mouth and persistent bad breath. Changes in the way your teeth come together when biting down and receding gums are other warning signs that ideally should be immediately attended to by your family dentist.

In certain cases of gingivitis, the symptoms are extremely mild. Many people do not realize they have it until it is too late. If this condition is left untreated, gingivitis can actually affect and spread to tissue, bones and teeth. This results in periodontitis that can eventually result in the loss of your teeth. These dental problems can also increase the risk of certain heart conditions.

In order to prevent gingivitis from developing, it is important to thoroughly brush your teeth a minimum of 2 minutes at least twice a day, every day. Also, be sure to brush prior to going to bed. Floss your teeth twice a day as well to remove food particles that can become trapped in between your teeth. Another proactive step is to gargle with a good medicinal mouthwash daily in order to eliminate bacteria that can lead to bad breath and swish out any that are lurking in between your teeth and along the gum line.

Lastly, and possibly the most important step in preventing gingivitis is to visit your dentist at least twice a year. During these visits, your dentist can check your teeth for the early signs of gingivitis and take the necessary steps to stop the progression of the condition. Having your teeth professionally cleaned to remove the tartar and plaque build-up that lead to gingivitis is vital for maintaining and ensuring your oral health.